Gambaran status gingiva, kebersihan mulut, PH, dan volume saliva pada pemakai kontrasepsi hormonal di Kecamatan Mappakasunggu Kabupaten Takalar

  • Nurlindah Hamrun Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar
  • Fitriani Fitriani Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar
  • Resty Amalia Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar

Abstract

Background: Use of hormonal contraceptives containing such pills, injections, and implants that use hormonal contraceptives may alter the state of the periodontal tissues that can cause inflammation of the gingiva. Hormonal fluctuations have a strong effect on the oral cavity, in the form of inflammation, gingivitis, periodontitis and changes in populations of microorganisms aswell as discomfort in the mouth. Estrogen and progesteron in hormonal contraceptive is estimated can be changes of periodontal response to plaque bacteria, pH status and salivary volume. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the status of oral hygiene and gingival status at hormonal contraceptive users. Method: Descriptive observational study. 40 samples each of 10 samples obtained from subjects contraceptive pill users, 10 samples from subjects injected contraceptive users, 10 samples from subjects contraceptive implant users and 10 samples as a kontrol. Result: The results showed that there was difference in salivary pH and volume status between the users of hormonal contraceptive. Contraceptive pill users showed the highest result insalivary pH and volume status than the others. No difference between the use of hormonal contraceptives on gingival status and oral hygiene status, but the use of contraceptive pills, injections and implants will affect the occurrence of gingival disease and oral hygiene conditions. This study can continued with addition number of samples to get the beter result

Author Biographies

Nurlindah Hamrun, Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar
Bagian Oral Biologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. Jl. Perints Kemerdekaan, Tamalanrea Indah, Makassar, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia. Email: lindahamrun@gmail.com
Fitriani Fitriani, Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar
Mahasiswa Kepaniteraan Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. Jl. Perints Kemerdekaan, Tamalanrea Indah, Makassar, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia. 
Resty Amalia, Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar
Mahasiswa Kepaniteraan Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. Jl. Perints Kemerdekaan, Tamalanrea Indah, Makassar, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90245, Indonesia.
Published
2016-12-12
How to Cite
HAMRUN, Nurlindah; FITRIANI, Fitriani; AMALIA, Resty. Gambaran status gingiva, kebersihan mulut, PH, dan volume saliva pada pemakai kontrasepsi hormonal di Kecamatan Mappakasunggu Kabupaten Takalar. Jurnal PDGI, [S.l.], v. 65, n. 3, p. 78-82, dec. 2016. Available at: <http://jurnal.pdgi.or.id/index.php/jpdgi/article/view/148>. Date accessed: 19 june 2019.
Section
Articles

Keywords

gingival status; oral hygiene status; salivary pH status; salivary volume status; hormonal contraceptive