The Effect of Polishing Techniques on Color Change of Nanofill Composite Resin Immersed in Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)

  • Claudia Nathania Batihalim Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University
  • Dina Ratnasari Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University

Abstract

 
Introduction: Nanofill composite resin with its filler particle 0.005-0.1 µm can have better polishing result so that as a restoration it is more resistant towards staining that is susceptible to occur by the exposure to food and beverage. Polishing is done to improve the color stability of composite resin. Polishing techniques can be divided into one-step technique and multi-step technique. One of the staining agents, green tea tannin can cause discoloration in composite restoration.
Objective: This research determine the effect of polishing techniques on the color change of nanofill composite resin after green tea immersion.
Methods: The sample used was nanofill composite resin with the diameter of 10 mm and thickness of 2 mm. Samples were divided into 2 groups, 10 samples with one-step polishing technique and 10 samples with multi-step polishing technique. Samples were soaked in distilled water for 24 hours at 37oC and initial color measurements were taken. The treatment was given by immersing the samples in  green tea solution for 5x24 hours at 37°C incubator. Measurements of the samples final color after the treatment were done after the fifth day.
Results: One-step and multi-step polishing techniques affect the overall color value of the nanofill composite resin after treatment. The multi-step technique group had lower overall color value than the one-step technique (p=0.00). There were significant differences in the L, C, and H values after treatment with one-step and multi-step groups (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The multi-step polishing technique produced better roughness reduction with the result that less color change.

References

Dalal KB. A comparative evaluation of surface texture and stain absorption of microfilled and nanofilled resins using different methods of finishing and polishing. Guid J. 2014;7(2):80–4.
Alawjali SS, Lui JL. Effect of one-step polishing system on the color stability of nanocomposites. J Dent. 2013;41(Suppl. 3):e53–61.
Ure D, Harris J. Nanotechnology in dentistry: reduction to practice. Dent Update. 2017;30(1):10–5.
Asmatulu E, Twomey J, Overcash M. Recycling of fiber-reinforced composites and direct structural composite recycling concept. J Compos Mater. 2014;48(5):593–608.
Khurshid Z, Zafar M, Qasim S, Shahab S, Naseem M, AbuReqaiba A. Advances in nanotechnology for restorative dentistry. Multidiscip Digit Publ Inst. 2015;8(2):717–31.
Barutcigil Ç, Yildiz M. Intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration of dimethacrylate and silorane based composites. J Dent. 2012;40(Suppl. 1):57–63.
Gaynor W, Hofmann S, Christoforo MG, Sachse C, Mehra S, Salleo A, et al. Color in the corners: ITO-free white OLEDs with angular color stability. Adv Mater. 2013;25(29):4006–13.
Ishikawa-Nagai S, Yoshida A, Da Silva JD, Miller L. Spectrophotometric analysis of tooth color reproduction on anterior all-ceramic crowns: Part 1: Analysis and interpretation of tooth color. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2010;22(1):42–52.
Arocha MA, Mayoral JR, Lefever D, Mercade M, Basilio J, Roig M. Color stability of siloranes versus methacrylate-based composites after immersion in staining solutions. Clin Oral Investig. 2013;17(6):1481–7.
Alharbi A, Ardu S, Bortolotto T, Krejci I. Stain susceptibility of composite and ceramic CAD/CAM blocks versus direct resin composites with different resinous matrices. Odont. 2017;105(2):162–9.
Jenabian N, Moghadamnia AA, Karami E, Mir A PB. The effect of Camellia Sinensis (green tea) mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: a single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial. J Pharm Sci. 2012;20(1):1–6.
Chacko SM, Thambi PT, Kuttan R, Nishigaki I. Beneficial effects of green tea: a literature review. Chin Med. 2010;5(1):13.
Anjarsari IRD. Katekin teh Indonesia : prospek dan manfaatnya. J Kultiv. 2016;15(2):99–106.
Heshmat H, Hajian M, Ganjkar MH, Arjomand ME. Effect of tea on color change of silorane and methacrylate based composite resins. J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2013;25(3):198–202.
Senanayake S. Green tea extract: Chemistry, antioxidant properties and food applications - A review. J Funct Foods. 2013;5(4):1529–41.
Uskoković V, Bertassoni LE. Nanotechnology in dental sciences: moving towards a finer way of doing dentistry. Mater. 2010;3(3):1674–91
Berger SB, Palialol ARM, Cavalli V, Giannini M. Surface roughness and staining susceptibility of composite resins after finishing and polishing. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2011;23(1):34–43.
Chour R, Moda A, Arora A, Arafath M, Shetty V, Rishal Y. Comparative evaluation of effect of different polishing systems on surface roughness of composite resin: an in vitro study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2016;6(Suppl 2):166–70.
Güler AU, Güler E, Yücel AÇ, Ertaş E. Effects of polishing procedures on color stability of composite resins. J Appl Oral Sci. 2017;17(2):108–12.
Korkmaz Y, Ozel E, Attar N, Aksoy G. The influence of one-step polishing systems on the surface roughness and microhardness of nanocomposites. Oper Dent. 2008;33(1):44–50.
Oliviera A, Lorenzetti C, Garcia P, Giro E. Effect of finishing and polishing on color stability of a nanofilled resin immersed in different media. Rev Odontol UNESP. 2014;45(3):338–42.
Powers J, Sakaguchi R. Craig’s restorative dental materials. 13th ed. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier; 2012:28–31.
Rocha A, Lima C, Santos M. Evaluation of surface roughness of a nanofill resin composite after simulated brushing and immersion in mouthrinses, alcohol and water. Mater Res. 2010;13(1):77–80.
Itanto B, Usman M, Margono A. Comparison of surface roughness of nanofilled and nanohybrid composite resins after polishing with a multi-step technique. J Phys. 2017;01(20):91.
Sapra V, Taneja S, Kumar M. Surface geometry of various nanofiller composites using different polishing systems: a comparative study. J Conserv Dent. 2013;16(6):559–63.
Fajar S, Mulyawati E. Pengaruh teknik pemolesan one-step system dan multi-step system pada perubahan warna permukaan resin komposit mikrohibrid setelah perendaman dalam larutan kopi hitam (Penelitian laboratorium)[Skripsi]. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Gajah Mada; 2017.
Nair V, Sainudeen S. Three-dimensional evaluation of surface roughness of resin composites after finishing and polishing. J Conserv Dent. 2016;19(1):91–5.
Schmitt VL, Nauvel F, Rontani R, Flavia N. Effect of the polishing procedures on color stability and surface roughness of composite resins. ISRN Dent. 2011;6(1):672.
Dinc G, Mujdeci A, Gokay O, Tugba K. Effect of various teas on color stability of resin composites. Am J Dent. 2017;30(6):323–8.
Manappallil JJ. Basic dental materials. 4th ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Pub; 2015:177–8.
Erdemir U, Sancakli HS, Yildiz E. The effect of one-step and multi-step polishing systems on the surface roughness and microhardness of novel resin composites. Eur J Dent. 2012;6(2):198–205
Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
NATHANIA BATIHALIM, Claudia; RATNASARI, Dina. The Effect of Polishing Techniques on Color Change of Nanofill Composite Resin Immersed in Green Tea (Camellia sinensis). Journal of Indonesian Dental Association, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 21-27, apr. 2021. ISSN 2621-6175. Available at: <http://jurnal.pdgi.or.id/index.php/jida/article/view/471>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.32793/jida.v4i1.471.
Section
Research Article