Analysis of Clinical Oral Manifestation of Patients with Antihypertensive Therapy in South Kalimantan

  • Maharani Laillyza Apriasari Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Luthfi Aminudin Post Graduate Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
  • Riky Hamdani Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarmasin, Indonesia

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is generally defined as systolic and diastolic pressures of more than 140/90 mmHg. Hypertension can be treated in various ways, either by using traditional herbs or scientific treatment with medicine. Antihypertensive medicine sometimes causes some side effects such as xerostomia and gingival enlargement. Objective: The purpose of this research is to analyze the correlation between age, type of medicine, amount of medicine consumption, and duration of treatment with clinical manifestations of the oral cavity in patients with antihypertensive therapy. Materials and Method: This research is an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. Data were obtained from medical records, anamnesis, and clinical oral examination. Results: The research was taken with a purposive sampling technique of 41 samples. It showed that the hypertension patients were mostly in the age of 46-55 years (53.7%), the type of medicine that mainly consumed was calcium channel blocker (34.2%), hypertension patients were found to consume only one type of medicine (75.6%), the duration of treatment was more than one year (85.4%) and the prevalence of oral manifestations presented was 70.7% with the most frequent manifestation of xerostomia (79.3%). The analysis test results showed that there was no correlation in both age and type of medicine with clinical oral manifestations (p>0.05), while there was a correlation in the amount of medicine consumption and duration of treatment with clinical oral manifestations in patients with antihypertensive therapy (p<0.05). Conclusions: There is a correlation in both the amount of medicine consumption and duration of treatment with clinical oral manifestations in patients with antihypertensive therapy.

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Published
2023-11-01
How to Cite
APRIASARI, Maharani Laillyza; AMINUDIN, Muhammad Luthfi; HAMDANI, Riky. Analysis of Clinical Oral Manifestation of Patients with Antihypertensive Therapy in South Kalimantan. Journal of Indonesian Oral Medicine Society, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 27-34, nov. 2023. ISSN 3026-6688. Available at: <http://jurnal.pdgi.or.id/index.php/jioms/article/view/1100>. Date accessed: 22 apr. 2024.
Section
Original Research