Variation of normal condyle shape based on gender in panoramic radiographs

  • Sri Wigati Mardi Mulyani Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Eha Renwi Astuti Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3815-9485
  • Otty Ratna Wahyuni Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Ramadhan Hardani Putra Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0622-3892
  • Aga Satria Nurrachman Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-8499
  • Nastiti Faradilla Ramadhani Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2126-4518
  • Farah Tariza Harlens Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Lailatul Hikmah Mazlan Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132

Abstract

Objectives: To find out information about variations in the normal shape of the condyles based on gender using panoramic radiographic observations and to find out the frequency data for variations in the normal shape of the condyles.
Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive observational research using 122 panoramic radiographs as secondary data. The panoramic image consisted of 61 male samples and 61 female samples. The condyles were observed by describing the condyle shapes on the right and left sides. Observation of the shape of the condyle was carried out by three observers. Then, the data were tested for reliability by using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient to equalize the perceptions of the three observers.
Results: The reliability test using ICC obtained a score > 0.9 which means very good reliability. The most commonly found condyles shape is round and there are differences in shape between the right and left condyles in both males and females.
Conclusion: The most common variation of the normal shape of the condyle found in both males and females is round on the right and left sides.

Author Biographies

Sri Wigati Mardi Mulyani, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Eha Renwi Astuti, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Otty Ratna Wahyuni, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Ramadhan Hardani Putra, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Aga Satria Nurrachman, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Nastiti Faradilla Ramadhani, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Farah Tariza Harlens, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Undergraduate Student
Lailatul Hikmah Mazlan, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Undergraduate Student

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Published
2023-04-29
How to Cite
MULYANI, Sri Wigati Mardi et al. Variation of normal condyle shape based on gender in panoramic radiographs. Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 21-26, apr. 2023. ISSN 2686-1321. Available at: <http://jurnal.pdgi.or.id/index.php/jrdi/article/view/1007>. Date accessed: 13 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v7i1.1007.

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