Age-related mandibular condyle morphological variations: a panoramic radiography study at RSGMP Universitas Airlangga

  • Sri Wigati Mardi Mulyani Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0009-0004-4202-8914
  • Eha Renwi Astuti Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3815-9485
  • Otty Ratna Wahyuni Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Yunita Savitri Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Aga Satria Nurrachman Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-8499
  • Nastiti Faradilla Ramadhani Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2126-4518
  • Kharisma Gaprila Putri Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
  • Jihan Jihan Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132

Abstract

Objectives: This research aims to find out the variations of the mandibular condyle shape based on age on panoramic radiography.
Materials and Methods: This study uses secondary data from 200 digital panoramic radiographs of patients at the dental hospital (RSGM) of Universitas Airlangga aged 20-65 years in 2019, 2020, and 2021, which have met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data is presented in the form of tables and graphs with simple statistical calculations, and reliability tests were carried out with intraclass correlation (ICC) methods using SPSS.
Results: There are variations of the condyle shape in five age groups, the age I (20-25 Years), age II (26-35 years), age III (36-45 years), age IV (46-55 years), age V (56-65 years).
Conclusion: There are condyle shape variabilities in several age groups. In age I (20-25 years), age II (26-35 years), age III (36-45 years), and age IV (46-55 years) the most variation of the condyle shape is rounded, at age V (56-65 years) the most variation of the condyle shape is rounded and pointed. Furthermore, the morphology of the condylar structures may exhibit variances and are not consistently uniform.
 

Author Biographies

Sri Wigati Mardi Mulyani, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Eha Renwi Astuti, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Otty Ratna Wahyuni, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Yunita Savitri, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Aga Satria Nurrachman, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Nastiti Faradilla Ramadhani, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Staff
Kharisma Gaprila Putri, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Undergraduate Student
Jihan Jihan, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 60132
Undergraduate Student

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Published
2023-12-31
How to Cite
MULYANI, Sri Wigati Mardi et al. Age-related mandibular condyle morphological variations: a panoramic radiography study at RSGMP Universitas Airlangga. Jurnal Radiologi Dentomaksilofasial Indonesia (JRDI), [S.l.], v. 7, n. 3, p. 89-94, dec. 2023. ISSN 2686-1321. Available at: <http://jurnal.pdgi.or.id/index.php/jrdi/article/view/1081>. Date accessed: 24 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.32793/jrdi.v7i3.1081.

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